A java package is a group of similar types of classes, interfaces and sub-packages.
Package in java can be categorized in two form, built-in package and user-defined package.
There are many built-in packages such as java, lang, awt, javax, swing, net, io, util, sql etc.
Here, we will have the detailed learning of creating and using user-defined packages.
Advantage of Java Package
1) Java package is used to categorize the classes and interfaces so that they can be easily maintained.
2) Java package provides access protection.
3) Java package removes naming collision.
How to compile java package
If you are not using any IDE, you need to follow the syntax given below:
- javac -d directory javafilename
- javac -d . Simple.java
The -d switch specifies the destination where to put the generated class file. You can use any directory name like /home (in case of Linux), d:/abc (in case of windows) etc. If you want to keep the package within the same directory, you can use . (dot).
How to run java package program
You need to use fully qualified name e.g. mypack.Simple etc to run the class.
|To Compile: javac -d . Simple.java
|To Run: java mypack.Simple
Output:Welcome to package
|The -d is a switch that tells the compiler where to put the class file i.e. it represents destination. The . represents the current folder.
How to access package from another package?
There are three ways to access the package from outside the package.
- import package.*;
- import package.classname;
- fully qualified name.